Contusions, Abrasions & Lacerations


What are the most common car accident injuries?

The most common injuries resulting from a car accident are contusions (bruises), abrasions, and lacerations. Though these injuries often are rather minor and heal quickly, they also can be very severe, especially if left untreated.


A contusion, or bruise, is a blunt injury that causes damages to the skin and underlying soft tissue, but does not involve a break in the skin. Contusions are usually caused by trauma, as with a car accident. Blood leaks out of the damaged blood vessels and is collected by surrounding tissue, causing black and blue marks beneath the skin.

The contusions often are relatively minor, people with bleeding disorders or other problems with coagulation (blood-clotting) are at high risk for serious complications resulting from contusions.

Though hospitalization is often required for individuals with lung and brain contusions, the common treatment for contusions often involves the “RICE” method.

  • R: Rest
  • I: Ice
  • C: Compression
  • E: Elevation

Though muscle and bone contusions are the most common form of contusions, serious injuries, often resulting from car accidents, may cause contusions of internal organs; such as the lungs, heart, kidney, spleen, and brain.

Abrasions and Lacerations

Abrasions and Lacerations, also relatively minor in most instances, often result from auto accidents. Abrasions, a milder form of injury compared to lacerations, involve the scraping away of a layer of the skin, usually caused by friction with a rough surface. Lacerations (wounds) are more severe, and deeper tears of the skin. However, both can be equally severe in auto accidents, especially if left untreated or improperly treated.

The most common complication resulting from abrasions and lacerations is an infection. Numbness, tingling, pain, and excessive bleeding are common signs that the wound may be infected, or becoming infected. Other common signs of infection include:

  • Pus draining from the wound
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Swelling of the wound
  • Severe/Excessive pain

Though infection is the most common abrasion/laceration complication, other problems include:

  • Scarring
  • Nerve damage
  • Tendon damage
  • Penetration of veins and/or arteries
  • Long-term pain

All of these complications may result in very costly medical expenses. If you suffered any of these injuries as the result of an auto accident, you may be entitled to compensation from any at-fault parties.

 People suffer many types of cuts – also called lacerations – to the skin every day. Some cuts are relatively shallow and simply need a bandage and basic at-home first aid. Other lacerations, however, require a trip to the emergency room for treatment. 

 A gash can cause serious bleeding and is likely to leave a scar, and getting immediate medical attention can help reduce these effects in many cases. The treatment you will receive at the emergency room will depend on the severity and location of your laceration, and treatment may include:

  • Numbing of the area around the wound
  • Professional cleaning of the wound to prevent infection
  • Stitching and suturing the laceration
  • Surgery to repair any damage to ligaments, tendons, or muscles due to the laceration
  • Stitch removal at a later date

If you suffer a laceration on your head or face, which is common in accidents, medical professionals will likely want to perform additional tests, such as a CT scan. These tests will show whether you fractured your face or skull below the laceration, and can identify whether you suffered a concussion, as well. All in all, emergency care for a serious cut or laceration can be costly.

With serious lacerations, a patient may need more intrusive medical treatment. For example, if you lost a significant amount of blood, you may need a transfusion. Some people have skin grafts and other reconstructive procedures to prevent disfigurement. With the most serious lacerations, a body part may be severed and may need reattachment, if possible.

Needless to say lacerations vary in degree significantly. If you have suffered from any of the above injuries in a car accident call Betz & Baril today to get the representation you deserve.

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Betz and Baril are attorneys dedicated to providing you with the best legal services possible. We understand that your situation may be tough, but that is why you need a team like ours, who truly care about helping you to receive the compensation you deserve, so you can get back to living your life. You shouldn’t have to suffer from injuries due to someone else’s negligence. If you’ve been injured from faulty medical devices, faulty medicine, or you’ve been injured in a car or truck accident, we are here to help. Schedule a FREE Consultation

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